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Standard 2. Achieving Educational Objectives Through Core Functions

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The institution achieves its purposes and attains its educational objectives at the institutional and program level through the core functions of teaching and learning, scholarship and creative activity, and support for student learning and success. The institution demonstrates that these core functions are performed effectively by evaluating valid and reliable evidence of learning and by supporting the success of every student.

2.1 2.2 2.2a 2.2b 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14

2.1  The institution’s educational programs are appropriate in content, standards, and nomenclature for the degree level awarded, regardless of mode of delivery, and are staffed by sufficient numbers of faculty qualified for the type and level of curriculum offered.

Stanford degree programs are outlined in the Stanford Bulletin. The authority for awarding degrees is granted to departments and programs by the Senate of the Academic Council. The Senate has separate committees that review undergraduate and graduate degree programs. These committees are the Committee on Review of Undergraduate Majors (C-RUM), the Committee on Undergraduate Standards and Policy (C-USP) and the Committee on Graduate Studies (C-GS).

The IRDS dashboards include data on the professoriate (by school and tenure status), academic teaching staff, and student populations (by school, field and degree level). In 2021, our total count of faculty was 2,279. We have 6,366 undergraduates and 8,791 graduate students. 

2.2  All degrees—undergraduate and graduate—awarded by the institution are clearly defined in terms of entry-level requirements and levels of student achievement necessary for graduation that represent more than simply an accumulation of courses or credits. The institution has both a coherent philosophy, expressive of its mission, which guides the meaning of its degrees and processes that ensure the quality and integrity of its degrees.

The Stanford Bulletin, which outlines all undergraduate and graduate degree programs, includes clearly defined requirements and learning objectives. Degree requirements and missions for BusinessLaw and the MD program in the School of Medicine are contained in separate school handbooks. (See also CFR 1.2)

The Bulletin describes the general education requirements of the undergraduate degree and its purpose providing a liberal education. The aims of a Stanford undergraduate education as well the graduation requirements are described in greater detail in the 2013 SUES report (pp. 11-42), which continue to inform the university's understanding of the meaning of the undergraduate degree. 

Continuing the tradition of reform of undergraduate education, in 2019 the faculty adopted a capstone experience as a requirement for all undergraduate majors. As the report on the Future of the Major that formed the basis of the reform explains, a robust capstone experience "integrates important elements of the undergraduate educational experience and culminates the student’s intellectual development at Stanford."  The reforms to the major also included a fixed range of units that can be required in each programs.  The unit-cap aims to ensure that the major requirements are "compatible with the other goals of liberal education, including first year general education, global exposure, and robust educational breadth." (See also CFR 2.2a)

Policies governing requirements for advance degrees are stated in Graduate Academic Policies and Procedures Handbook. These include requirements for master's and doctoral degrees.  Additional requirements for graduate degrees are set by each department as described in the Bulletin.

A number of faculty senate committees oversee policy, implementation and review of the undergraduate degree and general education requirement. Policies related to graduate degrees and processes for evaluation of graduate achievement are set and overseen by the faculty senate's Committee on Graduate Studies. The committee charges are linked below. (See also CFR 2.7)

2.2a  Baccalaureate programs engage students in an integrated course of study of sufficient breadth and depth to prepare them for work, citizenship, and life-long learning. These programs ensure the development of core competencies including, but not limited to, written and oral communication, quantitative reasoning, information literacy, and critical thinking. In addition, baccalaureate programs actively foster creativity, innovation, an appreciation for diversity, ethical and civic responsibility, civic engagement, and the ability to work with others. Baccalaureate programs also ensure breadth for all students in cultural and aesthetic, social and political, and scientific and technical knowledge expected of educated persons. Undergraduate degrees include significant in-depth study in a given area of knowledge (typically described in terms of a program or major).

Stanford's general education requirements are aimed at core competencies including, but not limited to, college-level written and oral communication; college-level quantitative skills; information literacy; and the habit of critical analysis of data and argument. Our undergraduate programs actively foster an understanding of diversity, civic responsibility, the ability to work with others, and the capability to engage in lifelong learning. These are defined by the SUES report and the legislation on the First Year Experience and Future of the Major (see CFR 2.2 above).

As part of their degree requirements, undergraduates complete a first year Civic, Liberal and Global Education requirement, or COLLEGE (which replaces the Thinking Matters program), fulfill eleven courses towards their Ways of Thinking/Ways of Doing requirements, and complete courses towards Writing and Rhetoric and Language requirements.

Students major in a program of their choice as a way to specialize in and gain in-depth knowledge in an academic discipline. As part of the recent reforms to the major, all undergraduate majors programs comprise at least 60 units (but no more than 100 units) of required courses and include an integrative capstone project. 

2.2b  The institution’s graduate programs establish clearly stated objectives differentiated from and more advanced than undergraduate programs in terms of admissions, curricula, standards of performance, and student learning outcomes. Graduate programs foster students’ active engagement with the literature of the field and create a culture that promotes the importance of scholarship and/or professional practice. Ordinarily, a baccalaureate degree is required for admission to a graduate program.

General graduate admissions requirements as well as specific requirements for master's and doctoral degree programs are described in the Graduate Academic Policies and Procedures handbook. The Committee on Graduate Studies is charged with overseeing graduate programs. (See CFR 2.2 and 2.7)

Individual graduate programs' admissions criteria, degree requirements and program descriptions can be found in the Stanford Bulletin (which also includes learning outcomes) as well as department websites and student handbooks. Examples from graduate programs across schools are linked below.

2.3  The institution’s student learning outcomes and standards of performance are clearly stated at the course, program, and, as appropriate, institutional level. These outcomes and standards are reflected in academic programs, policies, and curricula, and are aligned with advisement, library, and information and technology resources, and the wider learning environment.

At the program level, student learning outcomes are published in the Stanford Bulletin, department websites, and student handbooks (see CFR 2.2). 

Faculty and instructors set learning outcomes at the course level. These are shared with students in course syllabi. Faculty also enter course learning outcomes when customizing their course evaluation forms, which allows students to provide feedback on each of the course's stated learning goals. Courses that are certified for Ways of Thinking, Ways of Doing are linked to learning outcomes for each of the eight Ways topic areas. 

Cardinal Courses provide undergraduate students with community-engaged learning and research opportunities. Guidelines and resources for faculty to support these offerings are described on the Haas Center for Public Service website. 

A number of professional programs incorporate clinical or experiential learning as part of training. These include clerkships (clinical rotations) as part of the MD program in the School of Medicine and are described in the program handbook; legal clinics for JD students provided by the Mills Legal Clinic program in the Stanford Law School; and teaching placements part of the Stanford Teacher Education Program(STEP). 

2.4  The institution’s student learning outcomes and standards of performance are developed by faculty and widely shared among faculty, students, staff, and (where appropriate) external stakeholders. The institution’s faculty take collective responsibility for establishing appropriate standards of performance and demonstrating through assessment the achievement of these standards.

Faculty are responsible for setting learning outcomes and standards at all levels of learning at Stanford. Individual faculty develop learning outcomes and assessments for courses, which are shared through syllabi. (See also CFR 2.3 above). For doctoral students, individualized expectations and goals are also developed by faculty advisors, together with the student, through shared advising expectations and, in some departments, by completing annual individual development plans (IDPs). Examples of course syllabi and IDP forms are below.

Faculty within each department develop learning outcomes for majors and degree programs. These outcomes are developed as part of the regular learning assessment reports as well as review process for degree programs and are shared on departmental websites and the Stanford Bulletin. (See CFR 2.7 below.) Qualifying and candidacy exams for doctoral programs are also set and assessed by faculty within departments (see examples below). Per the Graduate Academic Policies and Procedures handbook, candidacy is a judgement by faculty that a student will be able to successfully complete their degree.

Committees of the Faculty Senate have oversight into undergraduate majors and degree programs (see CFR 2.2 above). Additionally, certain faculty committees and boards are charged with setting and evaluating learning outcomes for courses that count towards general education requirements. The Breadth Governance Board, for instance, develops guidelines for Ways course certification and meets to decide on course certifications. Similarly, the Writing and Rhetoric Board provides guidelines and certification for second-year writing and Writing in the Major courses.

Faculty committees at the university also conduct in-depth investigations into specific areas within their purview. Recent examples of such study that were led by faculty in the senate include an investigation by the Committee on Graduate Studies into graduate advising that resulted in legislation of a policy on graduate advising expectations in 2018 (minutes of the committee's presentation to the senate [p. 34ff.]); and a study by the Breadth Governance Board into the Engaging Diversity requirement for undergraduates.

Furthermore, from time to time, University-wide committees convene and spend a year or more deliberating on the state of education at Stanford. The faculty teams that were charged as part of the Long-Range Planning Process to provide recommendations on redesign the undergraduate experience at Stanford are a recent example. This process resulted in two extensive reports on the First-Year Shared Intellectual Experience and Exploration and the Future of the Major. The reports were presented at a widely-attended meeting of the Faculty Senate in October 2019. 

2.5  The institution’s academic programs actively involve students in learning, take into account students’ prior knowledge of the subject matter, challenge students to meet high standards of performance, offer opportunities for them to practice, generalize, and apply what they have learned, and provide them with appropriate and ongoing feedback about their performance and how it can be improved.

Teaching and course development incorporates student learning experiences in a variety of ways. Stanford regularly offers faculty and other affiliates its TEACH Symposium that provides workshops and sessions to support instructors develop student-centered approaches to their courses design and their teaching. The Center for Teaching and Learning also provides student learning programs such as one-on-one academic coaching for students to develop learning strategies, subject tutoring and language conversations partners, and a drop-in peer tutoring program.

In addition, the university's course evaluation system is designed to incorporate student reflection on their learning experience through end-term and mid-term surveys. This system was informed by work of a faculty-led committee on Course Evaluation, whose report was published in a 2013 report. The committee was charged to investigate how best to align course evaluations to student learning and how to engage students in the learning process. Reports and data from students' course feedback are shared with course instructors and teaching assistants as well as other stakeholders, such as school deans. 

Individual development plans (IDPs), such as Biosciences', essentially involve graduate students in engaging with their professional development and learning goals. (See CFR 2.4 above.)

2.6  The institution demonstrates that its graduates consistently achieve its stated learning outcomes and established standards of performance. The institution ensures that its expectations for student learning are embedded in the standards that faculty use to evaluate student work.

Program learning outcomes and standards are posted for each degree in the Stanford Bulletin. The Study of Undergraduate Education at Stanford (SUES) Report describes the aims of a Stanford education and requirements for graduating. The Graduate Academic Policy Handbook contains degree-specific requirements for Master's, Coterminal, Professional, and Doctorate degrees.

2.7  All programs offered by the institution are subject to systematic program review. The program review process includes, but is not limited to, analyses of student achievement of the program’s learning outcomes; retention and graduation rates; and, where appropriate, results of licensing examination and placement, and evidence from external constituencies such as employers and professional organizations.

At Stanford the final authority for granting degrees rests with the Faculty Senate. After review at the School level, new programs at the undergraduate level come to the Senate through the Committee on Review of Undergraduate Majors (C-RUM) in addition to boards that govern the general education requirements (see CFR 2.2 above); programs at the graduate level come through the Committee on Graduate Studies (C-GS). The degree proposals for all new programs must then receive approval by the Senate as a whole.  

The Committee for the Review of the Undergraduate Major is the university-wide board charged with overseeing and aligning the majors of the undergraduate degree, and the implementation of the reforms to the major such as the capstone requirement. Most departmental degree programs are scheduled for review by C-RUM every five to eight years.  C-RUM publishes memos to guide the comprehensive review of majors and interdisciplinary programs. These guidelines address course sequencing, curricular coherence and meaning of the degree, teaching quality, advising resources and other areas for review and evaluation. 

Stanford's schools oversee preparation of their departments for program review by the cognizant senate committees. The School of Humanities & Sciences regularly reviews undergraduate majors, interdisciplinary undergraduate programs, and interdisciplinary graduate programs, in accordance with Faculty Senate guidelines. Prior to a school-level review, programs conduct an in-depth self-study and prepare a report summarizing their findings; the self-study typically takes one year to complete. Following submission of the self-study report, the program meets with a school curriculum committee to discuss their findings, including challenges, initiatives, and achievements. The curriculum committee prepares a memo to the program summarizing the meeting’s discussion and makes recommendations for consideration. This memo and the self-study report are sent to the C-RUM or C-GS for further review.

2.8  The institution clearly defines expectations for research, scholarship, and creative activity for its students and all categories of faculty. The institution actively values and promotes scholarship, creative activity, and curricular and instructional innovation, and their dissemination appropriate to the institution’s purposes and character.

Policies governing the research enterprise at the university for faculty, research staff, and students, are found in the Research Policy Handbook.

Criteria for evaluating scholarship and teaching for faculty appointments and promotion are set out in the Faculty Handbook (the list of criteria for each rank and line in the professoriate is found in Appendix B). A prime criterion for tenure is "true distinction in scholarship" placing the faculty member as one of the best in their field. Factors considered in assessing research performance include scholarly activity and productivity, impact, innovation and creativity, institutional compliance and ethics, among others. The Handbook is explicit in stating that appropriate criteria be applied when the candidate’s work involves creative writing, dramatic or musical composition or performance works of art and the equivalent.

Doctoral students are required to complete and submit a dissertation as part of their degree requirements. The dissertation is "an original contribution to scholarship or scientific knowledge, to exemplify the highest standards of the discipline, and to be of lasting value to the intellectual community" (GAPP 4.8.1).

In addition to research through coursework and within their majors and honors programs, undergraduate research is encouraged through support by programs such as the Undergraduate Research and Independent Projects, which sponsors students to pursue independent research with faculty, as well as through fellowship opportunities such as the Goldwater Scholarship for outstanding juniors and sophomores who intend to pursue basic research careers in mathematics, the natural sciences, or engineering. Some of the scholarships available, such as the VPUE STEM Fellows program and the Mellon Hays fellowship, are also aimed to encourage access and diversity in research fields.

Schools, centers and programs also offer students summer research programs and grants, such as the Stanford Earth Undergraduate Research Program or Global Studies Research Grants; many of these opportunities are listed as part of the SOLO database. Student scholarship is also recognized by several awards. The Golden, Firestone and Kennedy Awards are university-level awards given annually to the top honors theses and senior projects across arts, humanities, social and natural sciences, and engineering. Students are nominated for membership in honor societies such as Phi Beta Kappa. Many additional university awards and honors, as well as those made at the school and department level for excellence in scholarship, research and creative arts, are recognized each year at graduation. These, as well as the names of recent awardees, are listed here.

The Center for Teaching and Learning offers a number of opportunities and resources to support teaching for all instructors, including faculty and graduate student teaching assistants. Throughout the year, CTL offers a self-paced, online course on learner-centered course design,  intensive institutes for primary instructors and for graduate assistants, workshops and other events, such as a quarterly TA orientation and the monthly Experiments in Learning series, and  on-demand consultations and workshops. CTL has also developed the IDEAL Pedagogy program to departments and individual instructors to support inclusive and equitable teaching practices. Teaching Commons is Stanford's central hub for resources and guides for learning and teaching. Course innovation, teaching and program development support is available to faculty through a number of sources, including the Teaching Advancement Grants offered by CTL and Undergraduate Program Enhancement Grants offered by VPUE to support integrating students into program and department communities. 

2.9  The institution recognizes and promotes appropriate linkages among scholarship, teaching, assessment, student learning, and service.

Tenure and appointment criteria (stated in the Faculty Handbook; see CFR 2.8) regarding teaching specify that faculty are required to demonstrate capacity to sustain "a first-rate teaching program" during their career at Stanford. Evaluation of teaching performance takes into account factors such as clarity of exposition, effective communication skills, helpfulness in learning, and ability to stimulate further education.

In addition to careful scrutiny of teaching during the appointment and promotion process, the University recognizes outstanding faculty and teaching assistants through a number of teaching and service awards listed below. Stanford schools also have established teaching and service awards and other recognition, such as the Dean's Teaching Award in the Humanities and Sciences, the Stanford Engineering Heroes program, and various teaching and service awards in the Graduate School of Business and the School of Medicine

The university also values and promotes faculty service and engagement with community through a number of opportunities, such as the Scholars in Service Program offered by the Haas Center and the Stanford Impact Labs, and through many programs the School of Medicine Community Engagement. Student service also, as embodied by the Cardinal Service initiative, is central to Stanford education. Cardinal Course Grants offered through the Haas Center for Public Service provides funding for faculty to develop and operate courses that involve students in community-engaged learning and research. The Haas Center's Cardinal Quarter fellowship provides funding for undergraduate students to engage in a quarter-long public service experience, and for graduate students, Public Service Fellowships are also available. Student excellence in service is recognized through a number of awards, such as the Haas Center's Walk the Talk Service Leadership Award

2.10  The institution demonstrates that students make timely progress toward the completion of their degrees and that an acceptable proportion of students complete their degrees in a timely fashion, given the institution’s mission, the nature of the students it serves, and the kinds of programs it offers. The institution collects and analyzes student data, disaggregated by appropriate demographic categories and areas of study. It tracks achievement, satisfaction, and the extent to which the campus climate supports student success. The institution regularly identifies the characteristics of its students; assesses their preparation, needs, and experiences; and uses these data to improve student achievement.

Stanford regularly surveys its students. There are annual surveys such as those given to freshman, seniors and all enrolled students, as well as those to graduate students exiting the University. These surveys provide deans and administrative staff information about student needs and experiences. Our membership in the Consortium on Financing Higher Education (COFHE) provides us with access to comparative data on groups of students and alumni and affords us the opportunity to assess our position on a variety of indicators to be sure that we are meeting student needs in an appropriate way.

All reviews of undergraduate majors include surveys of current and former students, and this information is considered as part of the program review process. Finally, data on student success is found here.

2.11  Consistent with its purposes, the institution offers co-curricular programs that are aligned with its academic goals, integrated with academic programs, and designed to support all students’ personal and professional development. The institution assesses the effectiveness of its co-curricular programs and uses the results for improvement.

First-year and transfer undergraduate students enroll in Frosh 101 or Transfer 101, a residential-based small-group discussions to help newcomers navigate their transitions to Stanford. Residential life, more generally, is closely aligned with the education goals of the undergraduate curriculum. 

The recently revamped residential neighborhoods and residential experience for undergraduates, ResX, was designed in part with the goal of helping promote civic and ethical engagements in the communities. As the task force that studied the ResX redesign noted in their report for the university's Long-Range Vision, "Experiential and integrated learning in the residences plays a central role in how our students become ethical citizens and critical thinkers." (See also the full ResX Task Force Report submitted in 2018.)

The student programs, courses, and initiative offered through the Haas Center for Public Service, are informed and guided by a mission to cultivate civic identity, a goal that is central to the principles of liberal and civic education that guides the Stanford undergraduate experience.

Stanford's Centers for Equity, Community and Leadership provide a gateway to intellectual, cultural and leadership opportunities for all Stanford students. Each of the centers, linked below, has its own mission. Students seeking academic enrichment, connection to a broader community or individual services and support will find excellent resources in these community centers.

Stanford offers a number of co-curricular courses and programs support students' personal and professional development. Designing Your StanfordDesigning Your Life and Designing the Professional are courses that support students in their educational exploration while at Stanford and to help them connect their academic journeys to their goals beyond the university. The Stanford Summer Graduate Institute offers immersive, weeklong courses prior to the start of the academic year that are designed to aide the academic and professional development of graduate students across disciplines. 

Grad Grow, a toolkit for graduate students, enables students to explore and plan their professional development by searching the university's vast learning opportunities, resources, workshops, and tools. The search is organized around six core professional competencies: communication, teaching and mentoring, leadership and management, diversity, equity and inclusion, professionalism, and career development.

2.12  The institution ensures that all students understand the requirements of their academic programs and receive timely, useful, and complete information and advising about relevant academic requirements.

The university has embarked on an integrated, multi-year program—the Connected Curriculum—to improve the entire ecosystem that supports academic planning, curriculum management, and enrollment. It’s a comprehensive solution that addresses policies, practices, and tools. It will deliver a more integrated, accurate and effective set of systems to support academic planning, curriculum and enrollment, and lead to administrative efficiencies. Ultimately, Connected Curriculum is about improving the student academic experience by building the behind-the-scenes infrastructure that enables us to make the student experience as effective and efficient as possible. Connected Curriculum is designed to support student success by clearing obstacles to information and opportunity, so that every student can access the riches of the curriculum and the benefits of a liberal education.

Four projects, the first three of which are in-flight, are designed to enhance the student experience at Stanford:

  • Degree Audit: A system to help students track degree progress, prepare for course selection, and plan for graduation. It works by encoding degree requirements with hundreds of optimization rules that together give students a personalized roadmap to graduation. It will also improve the degree clearance processes for departments, schools, and the Registrar's Office, and provide rich data for reporting purposes on time-to-degree completion, interest in course offerings, and student paths to degree conferral. 
  • Curriculum Management: A new framework and system for curriculum management to improve the student experience. This campus-wide effort provides a curriculum management system that for the first time enables consistent and timely management of curriculum across all of Stanford’s schools. In addition to benefiting the student experience, it will provide faculty and staff with modern tools to manage their academic offerings. 
  • Stanford Bulletin: In a two-part project, Student Academic Services is introducing a new approach to the Stanford Bulletin. 1) The Basic Bulletin will organize information through consistent formatting and will provide students, faculty, and academic advisers with a single comprehensive and reliable source of degree requirements and course listings. 2) The Enhanced Bulletin will integrate class-search functionality, a rich user interface (UI), and include related interdisciplinary programs and activities, academic and co-curricular opportunities, and internships and career opportunities.  This project replaces two dated systems in existence for more than a decade each – the existing Stanford Bulletin and Explore Courses class search –  with the latest in technology to give students a dynamic, modern and easy way to explore academic and enrichment opportunities and easily find when courses are offered.
  • Class Scheduling System: The final planned implementation project of Connected Curriculum, is to replace the class scheduling system. The new tool will enhance the current scheduling experience by visualizing the concentration of courses by quarter, day of the week, and time of day with the ability to easily see potential scheduling conflicts. It will leverage information from the course management component of the curriculum management system. This project will allow us to improve space utilization to address insufficient classroom inventory.

New students receive a plethora of information to understand the academic requirements and to help them navigate campus life. Before arriving to campus, students receive information through Approach Stanford to aide their transition. Once they arrive, New Student Orientation provides a program of events for new students and their families. Undergraduate Advising Directors, professional advising staff within Academic Advising, guide undergraduates throughout their four years at Stanford, in addition to faculty advisors within each of the major departments. (Advising is one of the criteria evaluated as part of the regular review of majors; see CFR 2.7).

To support graduate student advising, which happens within the academic departments, the Faculty Senate mandated that all programs set out advising expectations for both advisors and advisees. This policy (GAPP 3.3.1) was the result of a study of graduate advising led by the Committee on Graduate Studies and presented to the senate in 2018. These advising expectations are shared in the Stanford Bulletin page for each program as well as through department websites and program handbooks and cover questions such as how advisors will be assigned and changed, the frequency of meetings, and how degree progress and dissertation supervision will be conducted. Postdoctoral scholars complete and discuss an annual Individual Development Plan together with their faculty sponsors. 

For prospective students and their families, Stanford's Admissions website shares information on the selection process, application procedures, university policies, and costs and financial aid. Information and guidance on educational costs is available through the Financial Aid Office. General application information and estimated costs and expenses for graduate programs is available on the Graduate Admissions website. (See also CFR 1.6)

2.13  The institution provides academic and other student support services such as tutoring, services for students with disabilities, financial aid counseling, career counseling and placement, residential life, athletics, and other services and programs as appropriate, which meet the needs of the specific types of students that the institution serves and the programs it offers.

The Vice Provost for Student Affairs (VPSA) oversees many of the services, resources and specialized offices to support the student experience at Stanford, some of which are listed below. Since 2017, VPSA has been guided by Our Most Important Work, a framework that identifies priorities in key areas such as mental health and well-being, community and belonging, equity and inclusion, integrative learning, and others.

    One crucial resource developed by VPSA to support student-well being is the Red Folder (available also as a pdf), which contains guidance for faculty and staff on how to respond to students in distress and how to connect students to appropriate professional resources and offices. The Red Folder is shared with the entire community, especially those who interact with students, and is regularly updated.

    Outside of the classroom, residential life is a defining aspect of the student college experience at Stanford. As part of the Long-Range Vision, Stanford has recently reimagined and has made significant investments in, student residential living and learning. A task force to study undergraduate residential learning released its report in 2018, which became the basis of the ResX initiative (Residential Experience), Stanford's newly structured residential communities. ResX organizes existing residences into eight neighborhoods, each with a central gathering place with access to advising, meeting and dining spaces. New students are assigned to all-frosh dorms in their first year. Following their first year, groups can request assignments in proximity to each other, still within the same larger neighborhood of dorms and houses. ResX was developed in part with intention of fostering a sense of belonging and community throughout students' time at Stanford, and not just in the first year. This was informed by the work of Jamil Zaki, associate professor of psychology, whose research demonstrated that students in all-frosh dorms have more interconnected social networks, and also report greater well-being than first-year students in other residential environments.

    Major investments have also been made in graduate residential life. Escondido Village Graduate Residences (EVGR) was the culmination of more than five years of planning, collaboration and construction to create much-needed on-campus housing for more than 2,400 graduate students. With community gathering spaces, wellness and exercise rooms on every floor, EVGR is built with student well-being and community in mind and represents a major investment in supporting graduate student. The 2021-22 academic year was the first time in recent history in which the majority of Stanford's graduate students resided in campus housing.

    2.14  Institutions that serve transfer students provide clear, accurate, and timely information, ensure equitable treatment under academic policies, provide such students access to student services, and ensure that they are not unduly disadvantaged by the transfer process.

    Stanford accepts a small number of transfer students each year. Requirements for admission are described as part of the application process and are listed on the Registrar’s website. We have a separate advisor who coordinates support for transfer students.